Andrew S. Grove in his landmark book "High Output Management" outlines two key reasons why an employee might be performing poorly at their job
They lack training
They lack motivation.
Despite the popular belief, motivation is an internal thing. You cannot directly affect it. Therefore, the main responsibility of a manager is to ensure an employee is appropriately trained to do their job.
As a product leader, you need to prioritise training. This means
- Assessing the current level of your employees
- Setting smart improvement goals
- Work together on achieving those goals
- Measure and adjust along the way
What to do when motivation is lacking?Ideally, you mitigate this problem by hiring smart. Recruitment is when you make sure the people who join your team have sufficient motivation. It is especially relevant to a PM role. PMs need to be motivated to do their job - but they also need to be empathetic to the problem their product will be solving. Some product leaders believe empathy to be the key skill of a product manager.
But what if you didn't hire your team? Anything you can do about the lack of motivation? Yes and that is finding better-suited roles for people or letting them go. Being a leader could be tough. Sometimes you need to let people go to the mutual benefit of them and the company. But before doing that you might find a better-suited position for people. A role that could motivate them. I knew some PMs who pivoted to UX, some who went back to development, some other switching to purely business roles in customer success or sales. By design, PMs are working on the intersection of various roles and skillsets. Hence it's only natural they could move around the broad landscape of roles within a business.
When the move is not possible or it hasn't worked out - you'd have to consider letting people go. It's never a pleasant thing to make someone redundant but often the person in question ends up better as the result.